Guru Rinpoche or Padmasambhava (also called Padmakara and Padma Raja , Tibetan Padma -rgyal -po ‘ King of the lotus ‘ ) (Chinese :莲华 生 上 师( Liánhuāshēng Shangshi ) ; Tibetan : Pema Jungnay – Padma ‘ Byun – gnas ) , in Sanskrit means ‘ Born of the Lotus ‘ . In Tibet is known as the ‘ Precious Master ‘ Guru Rinpoche and is revered by the Nyingmapa as the second Buddha. It is considered the first and most important speaker of Buddhism in Tibet, particularly the Vajrayana and the founder of Tibetan Buddhism . His cult has spread to Bhutan and Sikkim.English: Large Guru Rinpoche statue, Samye Ling.


The life of Padmasambhava was enriched with so many legends that it is difficult to trace the historical elements from the mythological data .

He was born in the Swat valley in the eighth century . Would be born from a lotus flower in the lake Dhanakosha ( formed by the tears of his father) as a child of eight years already . Adopted and raised by King Indrabhuti dell’Uḍḍiyana he left the palace to indulge in Vajrayana Buddhism and became monaco . Come into the kingdom of Saor married , despite being monaco , Princess Mandarava , the prime of his yogini ( all had five wives , two Nepalese and two Tibetan ) .

Tradition attributes to eight master Padmasambhava :


Dhanasamskrita ,

Humkara ,

Manjushrimitra ,

Prabhahastin ,

Shantigarbha ,

Vimalamitra ,

Ludup Nyngpo and

Rongbu Guhya ( the last two only the name remains in Tibetan and Sanskrit ) .

Accused of killing a minister with magical arts was expelled from the court and practiced meditation in cemeteries , developing magical abilities .

He returned in Swat with his wife risked burning by the local king for having been married to Monaco, but were finally recognized his extraordinary abilities and was finally pardoned.

Around 786 he was invited to Tibet by the sovereign Trhisong Detsen ( Khri – srong Ide btsan ) ( 742-797 ) at the suggestion of monaco Buddhist Shantaraksita ( 750-802 ) who was attempting the conversion of the Tibetan people encountering great difficulties, perhaps for ‘ too philosophical approach and elitarioFile : Padmasambhava.jpg .


Arrived at about ten kilometers from Lhasa met with the sovereign Trhisong Detsen that had come to greet him. It is said that the occasion has occurred an earthquake.

In Tibet, Padmasambhava married his wife Trhisong Detsen , the Tibetan Yeshe Tsogyal ( Ye- shes ‘ ​​Tsho – rgyal ) , which became her second most important tantric partner .

File:Padmasambhava.jpgPadmasambhava is supposed to have remained in Tibet for 12 years, although tradition has it that his tenure lasted just 18 months.


The most important undertaking of Padmasambhava was the victory , which took place in 787, over the demons on the hill of Hepo Ri, thanks to the magic arts and the use delvajrakila (see under the heading Vajra ) . This victory symbolizes the defeat of the deities of the pre- Buddhist Tibet , and probably their followers who opposed the construction of the Buddhist monastery , even as early as 779 the sovereign Trhisong Detsen had declared Buddhism the state religion. Only in the same year of the victory of the demons, in fact, the Buddhist Monaco Shantaraksita was able to begin the construction of the first and oldest Buddhist monastery in Tibet , where he became the first abbot , at Samye ( bSam – yas ) in the immediate vicinity of Hepo Ri